Kverkfjoll

Deep within Iceland’s highland desert interior, Kverkfjoll is the second-highest volcano in Iceland and is split by Kverkjokull glacier which has burrowed out a deep valley in rich hues of red, black and green.

The Kverkfjöll mountain range is a cluster of peaks formed by a large central volcano on the northern edge of the Vatnajökull ice cap. It is the third highest mountain range in Iceland after Öræfajökull and Bárdarbunga. Hidden underneath the mountains are the region’s greatest treasures, very large, hot magma chambers which lead to astoundingly beautiful glacial ice caves. 

The highest peak is Skarphédinstindur, 1936 m, on the eastern part of the range. The mountains are divided into eastern and western halves by Kverk, a wide pass cutting through steep, rocky walls. Kverkjökull glacier flows outwards via the pass to the north-west down to the highland plateau, which is approximately 900 m above sea level. 

Two calderas below the ice are thought to have formed part of the Kverkfjöll Ridge. The caldera to the south is covered by a glacier, but the rim of the northern caldera is now mostly ice-free except on the south side.