Iceland is a paradise for birdwatchers across the country, including the largest bird cliff in the world.
Iceland is a paradise for birdwatchers as it lies on a major junction of migratory routes, and hosts at least 278 different bird species. Latrabjarg in the Westfjords is the largest bird cliff in the world. A great variety of cliff-nesting species can be found there, including the world’s largest razorbill colony.
The Westman Islands are also famous for many kinds of seabirds, and are home to both the world’s largest puffin population. Lake Myvatn in the north has more species of breeding ducks than any other place in Europe.
The great skua colony on the sands in southern Iceland is the largest in the world. Seabirds such as puffins can be seen in many places around the country, including the popular Snaefellsnes peninsula, as well as eiders, Arctic terns, waders and passerine birds. The areas of glacial sand wasteland to the east and west of Skaftafell are home to huge colonies of great and arctic skuas.
Other common bird types seen in the country are guillemots, gannets, fulmars, cormorants, and kittiwakes. Especially sought-after sightings include the barrow’s goldeneye found all summer at Lake Myvatn, harlequin ducks seen on several Icelandic rivers, the white tailed eagle occasionally spotted in Breidafjordur Bay, and the gyrfalcon which is Iceland’s national bird.
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