09. okt. 2017

The unique history of beer in Iceland

Icelanders love a drink. Being of Viking decent, this shouldn’t come as a surprise. There are numerous mentions of ale drinking in the old sagas, even as the cold climate made it hard for early Icelanders to grow barley locally. Like many countries Iceland went through a period of prohibition. In 1915 a majority of 60% voted for a total ban on wine, beer and spirits. The ban on wine was lifted in 1922 and on spirits in 1935 but for some reason beer was banned in Iceland until 1989! Even today alcohol sales in Iceland are highly regulated and government run liquor stores (Vínbúðin) are the only places to buy alcohol in Iceland.

People drinking beer

The somewhat shaky logic behind the beer ban was that access to beer would tempt young people and workers into heavy drinking. The ban’s opponents argued that only allowing people hard liquor instead would do just that. But beer-thirsty Icelanders didn’t let prohibition stop them from enjoying beer, or at least the closest thing they could get to it.

Taste the Saga

Taste the Saga is an evening of drinks and an exploration of the history of beer in Iceland at Reykjavik's Ölgerdin brewery. There you’ll get to taste the infamous "beer substitute" created by Icelanders who were determined to get their pint of beer in spite of the beer ban. The beer substitute shows the ingenious and rebellious spirits of the Icelanders, who have never really been fond of letting other people tell them what they can and can’t do. So simple in its execution that it would be brilliant if it wasn’t so disgusting, beer substitute is made by taking a low alcohol beer (beers up to 2.2% strength were allowed in Iceland) and putting a shot of the Icelandic schnapps Brennivín into it. That did the job but did nothing for those with a passion for good beer.

After the ban was lifted in 1989 Iceland’s drinking culture changed a lot, and for the better. Turning away from spirits and to beer cut back on binge drinking and allowed for local breweries to begin to develop their own beers. In recent years, the rise of micro-breweries and craft beers has led to a newfound passion for beer among Icelanders. Craft pubs are now on every corner and instead of just going up to the bar and ordering “one beer please” you are now asked what kind of beer you want! For a country that has only been drinking beer for 30 years, that is a huge change.

Aegisgardur Brewery

Many micro-breweries host tours that allow visitors to see how the brewing process works and how the unique Icelandic craft beers are made. One of those breweries is Ægisgarður, in addition to seeing how the beer is made and learning about the history of beer in Iceland, the brewers will teach you all about how to taste beer and let you taste some of their secret recipes. Perfect for beer connoisseurs that want to be able to identify the difference between hops and tell the subtle notes of spices and herbs in the brew. Icelandic brewers take inspiration from Icelandic nature, using a lot of herbs found in the mountains and even blueberries to give their beers that fresh Icelandic taste.

Beer is such a great conversation starter so if you want to get to know the locals, we recommend finding your nearest pub and chatting to the patrons. And if you’ve been on a brewery tour you can impress them with you knowledge of Icelandic beer and its history.

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About the author

 

Áslaug Torfadóttir

Áslaug recently joined the Iceland Travel team after a decade of adventures out in the big, wide world. But all roads lead to Iceland as they (totally) say, and Áslaug is happy to now have the opportunity to introduce her home country to other travellers. Her favorite spot in Iceland is Skarðsvík beach on the Snæfellsnes Peninsula, with Húsavík  a close second.
When not hard at work with the Iceland Travel team Áslaug writes scripts and plays and does copious amounts of research by watching hours upon hours of Netflix and visiting the local theatres and restaurants. Her favorite Icelandic saying is „Þetta reddast“ – roughly translated as „Eh…it‘ll be fine“